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- Forum | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Pour voir cela fonctionner, rendez-vous sur votre site en ligne. Catégories Tous les posts Mes posts Forum Welcome! Have a look around and join the discussions. Créer un nouveau post General Discussion S'abonner Vues Posts 177 Share stories, ideas, pictures and more! Questions & Answers S'abonner Vues Posts 0 Get answers and share knowledge. Nouveaux posts Игровые автоматы гном 5000 1h Dbol t nation, zphc anavar General Discussion 👉 Dbol t nation, zphc anavar - Buy anabolic steroids online Dbol t nation D-Bal is thought for highly powerful nitrogen retention that creates an closing anabolic nation for high-quality muscle growthin any athlete. What are the benefits of the "Lagorn" line? The benefits of "Lagorn" come from the fact that we have the absolute best selection of high-quality creatine and protein powders available, anabolic steroids for sale bitcoin. 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Both Anavar cycles will be a 7-week cycle with minimal additional rest between the first and the second weeks. So, the differences in the two models are: 7-week cycle: The Anavar Cycle consists of Anavar cycle for beginners and Anavar cycle for intermediate competitors, the weight will vary from 140-170 in the beginning to a low of 100-120 in the Intermediate and low of 85-90 in the Beginner, ligandrol flashback. The weight will be increased after 2-3 weeks due to body growth, hgh supplement growth factor 9. It will then be adjusted so that a stronger bodybuilder can still reach a bodybuilding condition at the intermediate stage. It is advised to stay for about 6 weeks until the Anavar cycle is completed. This cycle is perfect for those that want to get their strength and body and who aren't ready to take on the challenge of bodybuilding yet, stanozolol gynecomastia. The Anavar Cycle consists of Anavar cycle for beginners and Anavar cycle for intermediate competitors, the weight will vary from 140-170 in the beginning to a low of 100-120 in the Intermediate and low of 85-90 in the Beginner. The weight will be increased after 2-3 weeks due to body growth, steroids year round cycle. Winstrol steroids is a pale yellow liquid, and it may be used alone or with other medicationsand may not cause a strong reaction. To make the skin more attractive, wash or rub your skin daily with water, or let it hang out in a clean container away from direct sunlight. Some people may want to use skin care formulations or products containing the sunscreen compound. Apply an appropriate amount to the affected area before going to bed and again during the day. If sunscreens and skin care products cause irritation, discontinue the use of those products and seek medical attention. It is possible, though not recommended, that sunscreens and topical solutions (e.g., creams, gels, powders, lotions, and emollients of any kind) can cause eye irritation. When combined with other medications, certain sunscreens and skin care products can cause drug interactions. If you have specific questions, contact your doctor or pharmacist. See your doctor for advice. What should I remember about using Retin-A and retinoic acid as creams? Always begin with a topical product and keep using it, or switch to a different product if your skin fails to recover from the first dose. For best results, follow the directions on the label. However, if your skin does not seem to show signs of irritation after you have used a product for 24 to 48 hours, go back to using the first product for 24 to 48 hours. If you have questions or have a reaction that does not get better or stop improving, talk to your doctor. Do not apply any retin-A creams if you have dark skin. If skin irritation does not return within 12 to 24 hours, consult your doctor. Apply Retin-A as directed on the label to the affected skin area after using topical products and continuing on for 24 hours. For further information, contact your doctor What is the most important information I should know about Retin-A? Do not apply Retin-A creams to the skin of children under the age of 16. If skin irritation does not return within 12 to 24 hours, consult your doctor. Use Retin-A as directed on the label. Keep away from direct sunlight. Use it with other medications, sunscreen, and skin care products that are also used for acne prevention, as well as over-the-counter sunscreens and sunscreens containing zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or zinc sulfate. (Do not use Retin-A on the skin of Similar articles: https://www.breakingxbread.com/forum/fashion-forum/d-bal-dianabol-side-effects-d-bal-before-and-after https://www.carboncoreclothing.com/forum/fashion-forum/bulking-getting-a-belly-how-to-bulk-up-and-lose-stomach-fat https://es.drchealth.org/forum/welcome-to-the-forum/sustanon-250-dopo-quanto-fa-effetto-what-does-sarm-mean https://www.isyslimited.com/forum/general-discussions/trenbolone-8-week-cycle-test-prop-tren-ace-bulking-cycle 0 commentaire 0 0 Игровые автоматы гном 5000 3h Trenbolone opinie, trenbolone enanthate opinie General Discussion 👉 Trenbolone opinie, trenbolone enanthate opinie - Buy legal anabolic steroids Trenbolone opinie Trenbolone (Injectable) Trenbolone is arguably the most powerful steroid available to bodybuilders, causing rapid changes in body composition that take place within the first week of use. Most users will be seen with their abs in an extreme way for the first few days of use. This can result in extremely noticeable muscle loss over the course of two weeks of use, ligandrol pros and cons. However, this rapid growth and rapid loss of mass occurs over a short time-frame. However these rapid changes become permanent, steroids uk oral. Trenbolone should not be combined with other steroids as it is a highly steroid/compound, so it can be dangerous to take these with other drugs such as Anavar or other steroids, deca durabolin meditech. Once Trenbolone has started taking effect, it's likely you'll notice the following effects for the first several days: Muscle Loss (in most cases, this is due to muscle wasting) Fatigue (for most athletes, this will include severe fatigue, and it's likely that you'll get pretty much every imaginable symptom of an overstressed or tired adrenal system over the course of a few days) Fluid Changes (especially with Anavar users, when we've seen this effect on the bodybuilders as well) Athletes will notice an increase in pain and tiredness Muscle Tendon and Bone Loss The following changes with the body are often seen in the first weeks of use: Muscle tissue thinning, especially over the arms and legs Bone thinning Fractures are common among Trenbolone users When to Use Other Steroids Many bodybuilders feel that Anavar and other anabolic androgenic steroids are better off as separate substances than as parts of a steroid stack. However most use both the anabolic androgenic steroids for their gains when they want to, as one is often an option that works for each bodybuilder in particular, trenbolone opinie. In particular with Anavar, there is a great deal of variety and versatility in many steroid stacks, so it is important to be aware of when it's appropriate to use certain steroids for a particular body part. Stacks that use Anavar, in particular: Stacks that use Anavar together with other steroids: Stacks that use Anavar together with other steroids which have a strong anabolic effect: Conclusion As with anything with as many as possible to choose from, choosing a steroid isn't as easy as it may seem. Trenbolone enanthate opinie Trenbolone acetate vs Trenbolone Enanthate would be the same thing as comparing testosterone prop (a short ester) to testosterone enanthate (a longer acting ester)on acne. Both would have a similar effect on skin (not only testosterone prop, but also Trenbolone Enanthate). In the real world, Trenbolone Enanthate does not have nearly the same potency on acne as it does on testosterone prop (at least not within the US), enanthate trenbolone opinie. Now let's discuss how a Trenbolone Enanthate would affect skin, best steroid cycle for beginners 2022. Remember, the Trenbolone Enanthate would not be absorbed through your skin and thus would not have as similar an effect on acne as it does on testosterone pro, uk injectable steroids. Now imagine that I am using a Trenbolone Enanthate in my testosterone prop formulation. I would then be assuming that my Trenbolone Enanthate would not affect how much testosterone prop I was producing. By definition, Trenbolone Enanthate does not interfere with that production, anabol for you. It has no effect on the production of any of that substance, dexamethasone injection steroid. It does not alter the pH of it in any way. No, if you want to make any claim about how much Trenbolone Enanthate you could possibly be producing, it is already very clear that Trenbolone Enanthate just doesn't have much of a significant enough effect to influence acne, steroid drugs definition. To further reinforce whether your Trenbolone Enanthate would have an influence on your acne when you are taking a Trenbolone Enanthate, consider what might happen if I started with my Trenbolone Enanthate on the low end of the dose range that I was given my Trenbolone Enanthate. What if I started with my Trenbolone Enanthate at the highest dose, trenbolone enanthate opinie. What if I were actually taking my Trenbolone Enanthate on the low end of the dose range and was only given a very small amount to start with. What if I was simply starting off at a very small Trenbolone Enanthate dose and not changing it until the point at which I felt my acne was really bothering me? What if I started at a very high dose and then started off at very small doses and then continued at very large doses while tweaking the dose with my skin, turinabol vs dianabol? If this were to happen, would I actually feel my acne was worse or not and if so, if would it be the cause of that difference, best steroid cycle for beginners 2022? Say goodbye to use of dangerous anabolic steroids and say hello to the new legal natural steroids that mimic the effects of the steroids minus the side effects. There are now a number of these natural synthetic steroids now on the market. With a number of companies making these synthetic steroids in varying amounts, the best way to identify the difference between the natural and artificial versions is to look for differences in the amount that is in the mix. There has been a lot of research published which shows that those who begin taking synthetic steroids as prescribed by their doctors will often experience side effects similar to those that have been listed as side effects of steroids that had been prescribed to them. These side effects include: Cognitive dysfunction (memory loss, confusion, depression, confusion) Diabetes mellitus Depression Anxiety/anxiety disorders Athletes who take synthetic steroids often begin to experience side effects that are consistent with the types of side effects that have come up at the onset of steroid use and have been reported by the medical community as side effects associated with long-term use of steroids. They sometimes are called "acute" side effects and they can arise without warning of that fact. As with all side effects, there is a range of these adverse reactions that can be experienced that may include, but are not limited to: Increased heart rate and blood pressure Chest pain Anxiety Headache/stiffness Muscle pain Fatigue Muscle pain and cramping Blurred vision Nausea Stomach cramps Lethargy Mood disturbances Nasal congestion Vomiting Muscle twitches Stomach pain Heart palpitations Rash Skin rash or boils A serious side effect that can be experienced in those who start taking synthetic steroids is a rise in blood pressure in the same vein as the rise that has been reported with natural steroids. That is also a fairly common side effect of many steroid drugs, though it is rare in the context of taking synthetic steroids because natural steroids do not rise as rapidly as synthetic ones and the effects of synthetic steroids will begin to wear off as quickly as with natural steroids. This is one reason that a good initial look at a person's body chemistry may be all it takes to spot the difference between the natural steroids and synthetic steroids when taking them. One thing you should know about the new synthetic steroid is that most of these new synthetic steroids are being made by a company called SABIC in conjunction with Pfizer. 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If you are on a ketogenic diet, you will be using Clenbutrol for a longer period (2 weeks), as you need the amino acid glutamine for fuel, trenorol supplement. If you are not on a ketogenic diet, then you will need to take more of it to burn fat, winsol st 2220. You should not use Trenorol for more than 6 months before attempting a ketogenic diet to burn fat. Trenorol's Ketogenic Burn Trenorol burns fat like a ketogenic or low carb diet by increasing a person's protein level to help burn fat. A ketogenic diet, while it may look strange, will burn fat, but in the process, it may also decrease your carb intake and increase your protein intake. How to Burn Fat With Trenorol The Trenorol Burn Diet gives you the best results with Clenbutrol by increasing your protein intake. You should use Clenbutrol 3 or 4 times per week. A person can easily burn around 200-300 calories per day on a Trenorol Burn diet, supplement trenorol. You can also use Trenorol 3 times per week and lose up to 200 calories per day. Use a Trenorol Burn Diet until you do not see any negative side effects or have a burning fat problem, testo max vs nugenix. If you still have keto, you can also use Trenorol with your normal diet and increase your protein intake. Using Trenorol on a ketogenic diet without a ketogenic diet will increase the number of carbs in your diet. If you want to use Trenorol with Trenorol Burn, then you must take Trenorol with your normal diet, increasing your carbs. If you are on a diet where your carbs are very high, then you will still have to add Clenbutrol to keep your muscle from becoming glycogen debt ridden. If you want to save on carbs, then you can use the Trenorol Burn Diet as you are still consuming carbs with your normal diet, rather than being using carbs that can increase your body fat stores, somatropin overdose. How to Use Trenorol for Weight Loss Trenorol price TRENOROL (TRENBOLONE) TRENOROL is a Premium anabolic formula that launches substantial quantities of cost-free testosterone and increases nitrogen loyalty for major gains in muscle mass. Transepithelial NO synthase inhibitor (NOSA2) androgen receptor modulator (AR), both highly active in the growth-hormone pathway, enhance the actions of these steroids. These features of TRENOROL, especially in combination with the more potent androgen receptor substrate AR, make TRENOROL suitable as an effective addition to a high-intensity workout regimen for the long-term, stanozolol nedir ne işe yarar. TRENOROL is well-tolerated by most individuals and is widely available in combination products, illegal clenbuterol for sale. It is also available in the form of capsule or liquid preparations, trenorol price. Transepithelial P-Glycoprotein-1 (P-Glycoprotein-1) is a novel, competitive and selective transepithelial NOSAs in which a glycoprotein-1, P-glycoprotein, is encoded by the protein and is expressed at high density in muscle, cartilage, cartilage fibroblasts and adipose tissue. As such, P-Glycoprotein-1 contributes to the recruitment and proliferation of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) from the bloodstream to the muscle cells of the leg. It has been shown to promote the increase of blood flow over the entire range of the range of blood flow across the leg, which enhances muscle contractile properties, steroids moon face. In addition, it appears to enhance the binding of muscle and tendon fibroblasts to muscle and tendon, thereby increasing the expression of fibroblasts in muscle and tendon, trenorol price. This may result in an increase of protein turnover and an enhanced resistance to the degenerative effects of muscle damage caused by exercise. 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- Landscape | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Landscape Photography Choosing lenses for landscape photography is the same as having numerous paintbrushes for a painter. Lenses allow photographers to transform how a location or subject is portrayed. Depending on the lens you can have, wide-angle views, tight close-ups, the capacity to isolate subjects, and the option to keep everything in a scene in or out of focus. Particularly regarding landscape photography, lenses are one of the few means with which you can really impart personal vision into an image. Apart from lens choice affecting how you portray a setting in nature, landscape photographers also should be concerned with the practicality of such lenses they choose to work with. Remember, less is more, carrying a large selection of lenses for landscape photography is counterproductive and apart from the weight factors having too many lenses can waste time and confuse people. I carry four: Prime 25mm f1.7 lens Zoom 12-60mm f3.5-5.6 Prime 45mm f2.8 Zoom 45-200 f4.0-5.6 (rarely used, mainly to focus on a topic when I cannot get close enough) Zoom lenses are great for difficult topics, like a tree in a lake when you cannot get close enough, but prime lenses make you move about the landscape to compose a subject. Prime lenses make you think more, move in, move out, or perhaps change an angle. Focal length When considering a lens for landscape photography, the most common advice often suggests buying a wide-angle lens. Wide-angle lenses are suitable for landscape photography because of their extensive field of view and far-seeing depth of field, both desirable attributes for landscape photography. Wide-angle lenses allow you to fit an entire mountain in the background, or lake in the foreground of the frame, they can also be used to show a great deal of land, sea, sky, or forest. The extra depth of field they provide helps to ensure consistent sharp focus from foreground to background, which can be beneficial when photographing large expanses. Considering wide-angle lenses are the alleged standard for landscape applications, this must not deter a photographer from considering a normal (50mm, similar to human depth-of-field) or telephoto focal length for photographing landscapes. Occasionally, using a telephoto lens can provide a little extra reach for visual compression, thereby, creating interest in an image. Zoom or prime? The debate between zoom and prime lenses will continue, and the discussion is particularly ironic in the sphere of landscape photography. The merit of zoom is the ability to zoom into a landscape or topic when restricted to a specific location. Conversely, zooms can increase complacency or laziness when photographing an area, whereas prime lenses will force a motivated photographer to hike more, move about the area, searching for a more rewarding viewpoint to photograph the landscape. The image-quality differences between zoom and prime lenses are debatable, there are many high-quality zooms (at a cost), and there are high-quality prime lenses. Many wider focal length lenses are available in zoom format, like my zoom 12-60mm f3.5-5.6. It gives a little leeway in the composition, but it does not mean I will not walk about first to find the optimal spot for composition. It just helps to emphasize the tree in the lake, or a boulder with the evening glow of a sunset, rather than having it off in the distance. Of course, you will need a sturdy tripod, perhaps filters, or reflectors, so, their weight should be considered. I use a Bergan that carries two camera bodies, four lenses, an external monitor, filters, spare batteries, a large steady tripod, and an extra-long quick-release rail plate with spirit levels. Deciding between zoom or prime lenses depends on your own needs, such as the distance or access to walk around a subject, how much weight, how many lenses to be carried, and personal preference for focal length. Links: Long exposure landscape photography
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- Photography | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Photography Photography has always been a large part of my life. My first camera (when I was about seven years old) was a Kodak Brownie 127, a plastic box camera for eight 4x6 cm pictures on 127 film, a paper-backed roll film format. Then, I only shot black and white film. Through the years my cameras became more complex and expensive. But it was not until I signed up to a local photography course that I really appreciated the additional advantages of processing one’s own film and quickly built a darkroom and purchased the equipment required. This opened a whole new world of darkroom highlighting, shading, Solarization (the process of re-exposing photographic paper during the development process), and playing with chemicals to get certain effects. Nowadays, this can be done using digital software, but the experience is not the same as experimenting yourself. Whether you use a conventional film camera or have just purchased your first DSLR and want to learn the basics or are looking for simple ways to update your existing photography skills, the following tips might help build a strong foundation. However, photography is an art, so the learning never stops. So, what is Photography? Photography is the art, application, and practice of creating durable images by recording light electronically using a digital sensor, or chemically using light-sensitive materials and chemicals, like photographic film. It is used in numerous fields of science, manufacturing, and business, and has more direct uses for art, film and video production, recreational purposes, hobby, and mass communication. Some cameras can also capture wavelengths of light invisible to the human eye, including UV, infrared, and radio. Having been a senior Shotokan karate instructor I quickly learned that to keep improving the best way is to practice often using varied techniques, make mistakes and be open to learning from others. Essential photography tips 1. Hold your camera correctly - Sounds obvious, doesn’t it, but many photographers do not hold their camera correctly, which can cause camera shake that produces blurry images. Tripods are the best way to reduce camera shake, but in truth, how many people carry a tripod, unless they are shooting in low light situations or have learned the hard way? If not using a tripod it is important to hold the camera correctly to help to reduce unnecessary movement. Most people will sooner or later develop their own way of holding the camera, but it should always be held with both hands. Grip the right side of the camera with your right hand and place your left hand beneath the lens to support the weight of the camera. Also, the closer you keep the camera to your body, the more stable it will become, so keep it close to the body mass. Additional stability can be achieved by leaning up against a wall or crouch down on your knees, but if there is nothing to lean on, try adopting a wider stance. 2. Composition - understand the rule of thirds, fifths, or sixes Old artists deeply understood the composition rules. Most older photography books discuss the thirds, which is based on the idea that pictures are generally more interesting and well balanced when they are not centred. Imagining a grid placed over your images with two vertical lines and two horizontal lines that divide the picture into nine equal sections. Rule of thirds is a photography guideline, dissecting the image into 9 parts, with two evenly spaced horizontal lines. So, following the rule of thirds, rather than positioning your subject or the important elements of a scene at the centre of the photo, place them along one of the four lines, or at the points where the lines intersect. Many cameras even have a grid option you can turn on, which can be useful when composing images. However, rules are made to be broken. Photography is about creativity and personal expression, so sometimes choose to break this rule and place the points of interest elsewhere in the photo. This is fine, but before breaking these rules, it is important to understand them and are in the habit of consciously thinking about composition, the points of interest, and where to place them. These days, professionals, artists, illustrators, or photographers often use the rule of fifths or sixes for composition. Looking at the Dutch and Flemish painters of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who used fifths or sixes rules for grand naturalistic landscape and seascapes composition, to empathise dramatic a sky or ocean. 3. Eyes must always be in focus When shooting portraits, the focusing area is small, so it is more important to get the image sharp. The eyes are an important facial feature, and they are often the first thing people look at, especially when it comes to close-ups photography and headshots. So, the subject’s eyes should be the main point of focus. To get both eyes sharp, choose a single focus point and aim it at one of the eyes. Once the first eye is in focus, keep the shutter button pressed halfway down and move the camera to recompose the photo and include the second eye. 4. Consider the background Normally, the background ought to be simple and as clutter-free as possible, so it does not pull the viewer’s attention from the main subject of the photograph. Muted colours and plain patterns often work well, no one wants viewers in being more interested in the colourful building or church tower in the background than your main subject unless a photographer wants to make a statement. Fixing a distracting background can be as simple as moving the subject matter or changing an angle, but if that does not work, try to obscure it by using a wider aperture and getting in as close to the subject as possible. Whenever possible, keep the background neutral, especially if placing the subject off to one side of the photograph making the background more visible. 5. Play with perspective The best way to up creativity levels is to experiment with perspective. Any scene will look remarkably changed when approached from a different angle, while, capturing your subject from above or below can change the feel of a photograph. Of course, changing angles may not work for every photograph, but unless considered or tried how do you know what works. Experimentation is the key factor to help improve your photography. Make mistakes, try new things, and think out-of-the-box. When shooting small objects, animals, or children, get down to their level and view the world through their eyes. If shooting a portrait, consider standing on a bench and shoot your subject from above, or, have them stand on a bench and shoot up. 6. Shoot in RAW RAW is a file format like jpeg, but unlike jpeg, it captures all the image data recorded by the camera’s sensor rather than compressing it. Shooting in RAW provides higher quality images but also allows for more control in post-processing. For instance, correcting underexposure problems or adjusting aspects like colour temperature, white balance, or contrast. However, one negative aspect of shooting in RAW is that the files take up more space, so I advise using larger SD or Micro SD Cards. Furthermore, RAW photos need some sort of post-processing, so photo editing software is essential. 7. Understand the exposure triangle While it can seem intimidating at first, the exposure triangle simply refers to the three most important elements of exposure, ISO, aperture, and shutter speed. When shooting in manual mode all three of these things need to be balanced to get sharp, well-lit photos. ISO - controls the camera’s sensitivity to light. A low ISO setting means the camera will be less sensitive to light, while a higher ISO means it will be more sensitive to light. Conversely, the quality of the image will decrease as the ISO increases and you may see 'noise (grain)' on the image with a higher ISO. So, an ISO setting of 100 to 200 is usually ideal when shooting outdoors during the day, but when shooting in low light situations, such as indoors or at night, using a higher ISO of 400 to 800 or higher may be necessary. Aperture - is the opening in your lens, it controls how much light gets through to the camera’s sensor as well as the depth of field. Depth of field refers to the area surrounding the focal point of the image which remains sharp. A wider aperture (indicated by a lower f-number) lets more light through, but it has a narrow depth of field. While a narrow aperture (indicated by a higher f-number) lets less light through but has a wider depth of field. A wide aperture is terrific when you want to isolate your subject, but when you want the whole scene to be in focus, such as with group shots, a narrow aperture is required. Shutter speed - controls how long the shutter stays open when you take a picture. The longer the shutter stays open, the more light gets through to the camera’s sensor. A fast shutter speed is great for freezing action like a horse jumping a fence, while a longer shutter speed will blur motion. Long shutter speeds can give interesting effects, like flowing river water over rocks but require a tripod. 8. Use a narrow aperture for landscapes Landscape photographs entail an atypical approach because everything in the foreground to the mountains in the background should be sharply in focus. So, when shooting a scene where everything needs to be fully in focus, select a narrow aperture rather than a wide one. A larger f/ number means a narrower aperture, so aim towards f/22 or higher, depending on what the lens allows. Using Aperture Priority Mode (Av or A) will allow experimentation with different apertures without having to worry about adjusting the shutter speed each time. 9. Experiment using Aperture Priority and Shutter Priority Mode Only using automatic mode will limit anyone’s photographic potential, so, experiment using Aperture Priority Mode (A or Av) and Shutter Priority Mode (S or Tv), as they are two valuable options that are available on most cameras. Aperture Priority Mode allows the selection of the aperture and then the camera adjusts the shutter speed accordingly. So, when shooting an object and want to blur the background, select a wide aperture, and let the camera decide the shutter speed. While, Shutter Priority Mode, allows the selection of the shutter speed, and the camera will select the correct aperture. So, for a crisp shot of a racing car speeding past, select a fast shutter speed (a high number, 2000 or higher) and let the camera choose the aperture. 10. Raise the ISO Many photographers try to elude shooting in high ISO as it will lead to grainy-looking photos or ‘noise’. But, while using a higher ISO can lead to lower image quality, grain in some photographs can be beneficial. If the shutter speed cannot be lowered due to motion blur, and a tripod is not an option, it is better to obtain a sharp photo with some noise than no photo at all, anyway, much of the noise can be removed during the post-processing. Furthermore, camera technology has improved so much in recent years, so it is possible to produce great photographs with ISOs of 1600, 3200, 6400, or higher. Either way, using a wider aperture can help to minimise noise when shooting at higher ISOs, and slightly overexposing your image can also help, as making light areas darker in post-processing will not increase noise, whereas making dark areas lighter will. Bearing that in mind, always check the camera's settings before going on a shoot. Discovering that the whole shoot was shot at an ISO 1000 on a bright sunny day can be exasperating, especially if the photos were taken to document a special occasion or other events that cannot be recreated. It is an easy mistake to make (Yes, I learned the hard way), so, to avoid unpleasant surprises, make a habit of checking and resetting your ISO settings before shooting anything. 11. Learn to use the white balance White balance can help you capture colours more accurately. Different types of light have different characteristics, so not adjust the camera's white balance will result in the colours in your photography taking on a marginally blue, orange, or green hue or ‘temperature’. Of course, white balance can be fixed in post-processing, but it can become tedious if you have hundreds of photographs that require small adjustments. Some of the standard white balance settings on a camera include Automatic White Balance, Daylight, Cloudy, Flash, Shade, Fluorescent, and Tungsten. Each is symbolised by a different icon, so check the camera’s manual. Automatic white balance works okay in many situations, but it is best to change the setting according to the type of light shooting in. When shooting indoors I use daylight bulbs for photography and videos, actually, all the bulbs in the house are daylight rated. 12. Flash can be overused or not adequate Built-in camera flash at night or in low light can lead to some unpleasant effects, such as red eyes or harsh shadows. Generally, it is more advisable to better to increase the ISO and get noisier photos than to use the on-camera flash and risk ruining the shot altogether. However, occasionally there may not be enough light, and if you do not have off-camera lighting, there is no other choice but to use the built-in flash. If in this situation there are a couple of things that can be done. First, find the flash settings in the camera’s menu, then reduce the brightness as much as possible. Secondly, use a diffuser, parchment paper is a good option, secure it with tape. Or bounce the light off the ceiling by holding a reflector or white cardboard in front of it at an angle. Nearly all hot-shoe flashguns come with diffusers. 13. Invest in a tripod or two To get sharp photos in low light without raising the ISO, a tripod is an essential accessory. It also allows experimentation with long exposure photography, when the shutter is open for seconds or minutes at a time, this can produce amazing effects when photographing like the sea, rivers, or waterfalls. However, when purchasing a tripod , there are several things to consider, such as weight, stability, height, and flexibility. Weight is important because carrying a heavy tripod around is not fun, but it also needs to be stable enough to support the camera and the lenses. Tripod buying guide . 14. Be selective An important factor to realise is that every photographer, no matter how experienced or talented, will get mediocre shots. However, the reason their portfolios are impressive is that they only display their best work; they do not bore you with the twenty other photos depicting a virtually identical scene. So, if you want your work to stand out on Facebook, Instagram, website, or photo-sharing sites like Flickr or 500px, narrow it down to a couple of extremely good photos from each shoot. By showing the mediocre shots you obscure the three or four great shots obtained. 15. Learn by mistakes Getting overexposed, blurry, grainy, or badly composed photos may be frustrating, but use them as a learning tool, analyse them, what did you do wrong, what do you do right. Keep notes of each shot and the associated factors, like lighting, flash or no flash, handheld or tripod, strong winds with an insubstantial tripod. Most of the time there will be a simple solution such as changing the composition or using a faster shutter speed or changing the aperture. 16. Invest in decent photo editing software This brings us back to shooting in RAW: When shooting in RAW, post-processing will become essential rather than an afterthought, so invest in some photo editing software that will allow basic editing tasks such as, cropping, adjusting exposure, altering white balance and contrast, and removing blemishes. Most professional photographers use programs like Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom, but less pricey options are Photoshop Elements, Picasa, Paint Shop Pro or GIMP (Gimp is a free powerful open-source software). 17. learn to shoot sunrise or sunset Lighting can make or break a photo, and the early morning and evening are widely thought to be the best times of day for taking photos. In photography, the hour just after the sun rises or before it sets is called the ‘golden hour’, because the sun is lower in the sky and the light is softer and warmer. Whether shooting landscapes, portraits, or still life, using the early morning or evening light can give photos a serene feel with its warm glow and the long shadows it casts. 18. Bracketing One of the most useful techniques in photography is called bracketing , in other words, taking multiple photos of the same subject with different camera settings. Normally, bracketing is about changing your exposure: one photo at the meter’s recommendation, plus one under and one over. But exposure is not the only variable at play here. Why Bracket Photos? Bracketing means you capture a sequence of photos while changing your camera settings from shot to shot. This means you end up with two or more photos of the same scene, with only a couple of differences in each shot. Exposure bracketing is the most common kind of bracketing in photography, will usually ending up with one photo that is too dark, one that is too bright, and one with a correct exposure. But bracketing the focus distance will resulting in one photo that is front-focused, another that is back-focused, and one that is accurate. Some people consider bracketing takes up memory and wastes time. Especially if one knows what settings needed for an image, so, why bracket shots? There are two important reasons why bracketing is beneficial in photography.
- Recovery Mode | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
System Recovery Mode Windows Recovery Mode - MS Windows 10/11 allows a recovery USB Drive to be generated. Manufacturers of pre-built desktops and laptops have their own recovery media embedded into the system, so pressing the F11 key may not work on all PCs as there is no one standard and many manufacturers use F9, F10, or F12 keys to enter recovery mode. Press the Windows tab and type ‘Recovery Media’ then follow the instructions. Create a bootable USB drive using the Command Line (CMD). When needed insert ‘Recovery USB drive’, and then restart your computer and press F11 before the MS Windows logo appears. However, true recovery will put the computer back to its factory state and you will lose data and some programs. If you want to revert and completely clean the computer this option may be appropriate. I also use the ‘system Image’ option as this will back up the data and programs installed. Various options for recovery. Enter Recovery Mode using the Start Menu option: The Start menu’s Restart option provides one of the most reliable methods for entering recovery mode. Click the Start button in Windows 10/11. Then click the Power button. Press and hold the Shift key. Then click Restart while holding the Shift key. After that, select Troubleshoot and Advanced options on the blue menu. Enter Recovery Mode with a bootable USB drive: Users can enter recovery mode with a bootable USB drive that they can install (or reinstall) Windows 10 with. First, users will need to set up the bootable USB drive with the Windows Recovery option or Image file. Users will also need to configure their PCs to boot from USB drives first by adjusting the BIOS or UEFI settings. Thereafter, insert a bootable USB drive into a PC’s USB slot. Turn the laptop or desktop on. Then a Windows Setup window will appear if the PC is configured to boot from USB drives. Click Next on the Windows setup window. Select the Repair your computer option. Then select Troubleshoot and click on Advanced Options to enter the Advanced Start-up Options menu. Select the Restart now option: Users can also get to Advanced Start-up Options by clicking the Restart now an option in Settings. Click the Type here to search button on Windows 10’s taskbar. Enter the keyword recover in the search box to find the Recovery option. Click Recovery to open the window shown directly below. Click the Restart now button under Advanced start-up. The PC will restart to the Choose an option menu from which users can select Troubleshoot and then Advanced options. Enter Recovery Mode using Command Prompt. The Command Prompt provides another way to access recovery mode. Type cmd in Windows Search and click on Run as an administrator to start Command Prompt. Input the following command and press Enter: shutdown /r /o Click Close on the You are about to be signed out a prompt that appears. Thereafter, select Troubleshoot and Advanced options after the restart. So, there are few ways users can enter Windows 10’s recovery mode. When users enter the recovery mode, they can then utilise the System Restore, Command Prompt, System Image Recovery, and Start-up Repair utilities. Create a bootable USB flash drive using CMD. Insert a USB flash drive into a running computer. Open a Command Prompt (CMD) window as an administrator. Type diskpart . In the new command line window that opens, to determine the USB flash drive number or drive letter, at the command prompt, type list disk , and then click ENTER . The list disk command displays all the disks on the computer. Note the drive number or drive letter of the USB flash drive. At the command prompt, type select disk , where X is the drive number or drive letter of the USB flash drive, and then click ENTER . Type clean , and click ENTER . This command deletes all data from the USB flash drive. To create a new primary partition on the USB flash drive, type create partition primary and then click ENTER . To select the partition that you just created, type select partition 1 , and then click ENTER. To format the partition, type f ormat fs=ntfs quick, and then click ENTER .
- Feeding & After Care | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Orchid Feeding & After Care Feeding Orchids are notoriously weak feeders and a solution of one-quarter to half strength orchid fertilizer is all most plants need. A blend 30/20/20 is best for plants potted in a bark mix, as the bark will neutralise the nitrogen and a blend of 20/20/20 mix for most other orchids. There are two types of feed, each formulated for a particular task: Orchid Bloom – to maximize flowering. Orchid growth – to encourage vigorous growth. Alimentation Les orchidées sont des mangeurs notoirement faibles et une solution d'engrais pour orchidées d'un quart à la moitié est tout ce dont la plupart des plantes ont besoin. Un mélange 30/20/20 est le meilleur pour les plantes en pot dans un mélange d'écorce, car l'écorce neutralisera l'azote et un mélange de mélange 20/20/20 pour la plupart des autres orchidées. Il existe deux types d'aliments, chacun étant formulé pour une tâche particulière: Orchid Bloom - pour maximiser la floraison. Croissance des orchidées - pour encourager une croissance vigoureuse. Après la floraison Deadhead fleurs et gaines, mais veillez à ne pas endommager le pseudobulbe d'où l'inflorescence a poussé. Phaleanopsis, l'épi de fleur aura poussé entre les feuilles sur le corps de la plante, il doit être coupé à un pouce de l'endroit où il est apparu.
- Wireless Network | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Wireless Network System Wireless LANs WLAN technologies tend to follow one of the three Wi-Fi communication standards and the advantages of wireless networking depend on the standard employed: 802.11b - was the first standard to be used in WLANs. 802.11a - the standard is faster but was more expensive than the 802.11b, because of this it was used in business networks, but it is now widely used in the public sector. The 802.11g, endeavored to combine the best of both 802.11a and 802.11b. The latest in Wi-Fi technology is the 802.11ac. 802.11ac connectivity, makes previous standards look like snails and makes the aggravation from slow connection speeds and load times a thing of the past. The latest in Wi-Fi technology is the 802.11ad. 802.11ad connectivity, makes previous standards look like snails and makes the aggravation from slow connection speeds and load times a thing of the past. The 802.11ad pushes routers, computers, servers, and printers in your home network into the next level. Because of this, an entire family can use an incredible amount of data without impacting anyone else on the network. List of standards: 802.11-1997 (802.11 legacy) 802.11a 802.11b 802.11g 802.11-2007 802.11n 802.11-2012 802.11ac 802.11ad Installation Wi-Fi networks can be configured in two different ways: The Ad hoc approach allows wireless devices to communicate in a peer-to-peer manner. The infrastructure method allows wireless devices to communicate with a central connection that in turn communicates with wired connections on that LAN. Most LANs require an infrastructure method to access the Internet, a printer, or other wired items, whereas Ad hoc mode only supports basic file sharing between the wireless devices. Both Wi-Fi approaches require a wireless network adapter/s, sometimes called WLAN cards. Infrastructure mode WLANs also need a central device called the access point. The access point must be installed in a location where wireless signals can reach it with minimal interference. Although Wi-Fi signals typically reach 100 feet (30 m) or more depending on your router, obstructions like walls can greatly reduce their range, especially in an old Victorian house like mine where the walls are three feet thick. Cost Most routers are wireless compatible so cost somewhat less than wired Ethernet products and most internet providers provide the router, filter, and a CAT 45 cable as part of the service. These days costs are minimal for a wireless network. Reliability Wireless LANs suffer more reliability problems than wired LANs, nevertheless, perhaps not enough to be a significant concern. Older 802.11b and 802.11g wireless signals were subject to interference from home appliances including: Microwave ovens Cordless telephones Electronic garage doors Fridges But with the newer standards, this has all but disappeared. I will discuss setting up a wireless network later, along with port-forwarding so that you can login to your server, computer, or printer when away from home. Port-forwarding can be a challenge, so I will go through it in detail. Performance These days the performance of Wireless LANs is great compared with the older 802.11b, 802.11a, and 802.11g WLANs. But Wireless systems are not as fast as their wired counterparts. Additionally, Wi-Fi performance is distance sensitive, meaning that maximum performance will degrade on a computer farther away from the access point and the more wireless devices used the WLAN performance degrades more. Nowadays, the Wireless option is more than adequate for a home Internet connection for sharing files, printing, gaming, and media downloads and connecting additional devices like the iPhone and iPad. Security Wireless LANs are less secure than wired LANs because wireless communication signals travel through the air and can be intercepted. Many people have been through the courts for hacking into on to un-secure Wireless networks while out in their cars or sitting on a park bench. Known as war-driving it involves traveling through a residential area with their Wi-Fi equipment scanning the airwaves for unprotected WLANs. So, beware! I cannot emphasize enough to set your Wireless network up securely, using the firewall and strong passwords. Using the Privacy (WEP) encryption standard WLANs improves security greatly, but not as wired networks. However, no computer network is completely secure, and you should ensure: Home is Internet firewall is properly configured. Household is acquainted with the danger of Internet ‘spoof emails’ and how to recognise them. Household is aware of ‘spyware’ and how to avoid it. Use anti-virus software and keep it updated. To help protect your computer from Intrusion, Trojans, and Viruses you will need antivirus and firewall software installed on your computer. I use ESET and Malwarebytes, there are free alternatives, but I find the free options significantly less secure and reliable. Nearly all the infected computers I worked on in the industry had free versions and the removal of the risk and preventing data loss always cost more than purchasing the paid anti-virus and malware software combined. Although Broadband routers have firewalls installed, these are not reliable so do not rely on this alone to protect your computers. KEEP the antivirus and malware software updated on a regular basis, as new threats come onto the web daily.
- HDD Errors | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
HDD Error Management Hard Drive Error Management A healthy primary becoming a RAW partition can be caused by several reasons, such as: Virus infection Format failure Accidental OS shutdown Power outages How to do RAW partition fix easily in Windows 7/8/10? There are a few ways you could choose from. DISCLAIMER: The examples that I have illustrated are ones I employ to deal with hard drive problems. They might be dangerous to use for some systems. These procedures may also be ineffective. If you try them, you may cause damage or irreparable data loss. Because of this take great care. Therefore, I take no responsibility for anything you do based on my examples or the information that I have provided. How to Fix: Internal or External HDDs that became RAW. A commonplace and bewildering problem with computers is the unexpected and mysterious disappearance of a hard drive (HHD) that has been working properly. It can be a horrendous experience to suddenly find that your data might be gone forevermore. I still get the stomach tightening when a message box reports that your HDD has given up the ghost. It is easy to say, ‘ Don’t panic ’, but most inexperienced people will have that gut-wrenching moment when the hard drive is no longer usable. If approached sensibly and carefully, the situation can usually be resolved, and the data saved. Below we will look at a few of the causes, fixes, and preventative measures for occurrences involving HDDs used with Windows XP and Windows Vista/7/8, Yes, I know they are old systems, but I know of a major computer store that still uses XP because of the cost and management implications of upgrading to MS Windows 10. Error Messages Usual error messages associated with the inability to access an HDD. When attempting to access the drive in Windows you may see a message asking you to format the drive - ‘You need to format the disk in drive before you can use it, Do you want to format it?’ DO NOT FORMAT THE DRIVE Another error that you may see when trying to access the drive in Windows from a program or the command line is - ‘ This volume does not contain a recognised file system. Please make sure that all required file system drivers are loaded, and that the volume is not corrupted. ’ Attempting to run chkdsk with a RAW HDD to repair the problem will give the error – ‘chkdsk cannot be run on the drive’ The type of the file system is RAW. CHKDSK is not available for RAW drives.’ Before going on, you need to be aware of the risks involved. If the problem with the drive is not a logical error but is a symptom of physical damage, the more you try to use or repair it, the worse the damage may become. The drive should not be making strange clicking or beeping noises. If this occurs it indicates physical damage. In these situations, I disconnect the drive from my windows machine and plug it into a purely Linux machine to repair or recover the data. Even so, this can make the situation worse. If you wish to continue your own there are a couple of important rules to remember. If you do not have a dual boot system with Linux perhaps a friend does. Do Not try to write anything to the raw DRIVE apart from trying to repair the Master Boot Record (MBR) and Boot Sector. Any other data transfer, deleting partitions, or attempting to format the drive can overwrite data on the drive. If you have important data or photographs on the drive do not mess about it, take/send it to a professional for data retrieval. Computer problems are erratic and not set in stone. So, try other ideas, search the web. Not every option will work so it is important to think laterally. If the drive does not hold important data you can try to format it using the command line - I have had several successes, but also many failures. If you do not need any of the data - use the 'Disk Clean' method below Open the Disk Management window and click on Disk Management in the left pane and make note of the disk in the middle pane of the disk that you want to clean or clean all (Fig: Be sure that you have the correct disk, check the number, mine is drive ‘T’ No. 4. You would not want to wipe clean the wrong disk. Press the Windows + C keys to open the search dialog, type command on the left side of your screen right-click the ‘ Command Prompt ’ tab and choose ‘ Run as Administrator ’ at the bottom of the page, and click the link. Once the Shell opens (Fig: 1) a line will display: C:\WINDOWS\system32\ Fig: 1 Type ‘ diskpart ’ (Fig: 2) and press ‘ Enter ’ Fig: 2 Beside DISKPART> type ‘ list disk ’ and press ‘ Enter ’ You will see in (Fig: 3) that there are 6 disks listed 0 to 5, remember I am using disk 4. (Double, no triple check you have the correct disk before continuing) Fig: 3 Now the prompt (Fig: 4) displays ‘ Disk 4 is now the selected disk ’ Beside DISKPART > type ‘ list disk ’ and press ‘ Enter ’ You will see in (Fig: 4) that I have 6 disks listed 0 to 5, remember I am using disk 4. (Double, no triple check you have the correct disk before continuing) Beside DISKPART > type ‘clean’ and then press ‘ Enter ’ Fig: 4 Disk 4 will now be cleaned, once complete it will state ‘ DiskPart succeeded in cleaning the disk ’ (Fig: 5). Fig: 5 For a full clean, just type ‘ clean all ’ instead of ‘ clean ’ and press ‘ Enter ’ as before – a clean all will take many hours if you are using it on a large drive. Go back to the Disk Management screen and format the drive, normally it will format fine using efat system, but I have had problems with some hard drives reverting back to RAW when trying to format them in NTSF .
- Computer | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
What is a computer? Computers are not really that mysterious. There’s no shadowy gremlin cycling his way around a treadmill to make it run. Although sometimes one feels there is a gremlin at work pulling the operating system or data apart. Computers have evolved immensely since I started building them, moving from measly Kilobytes of RAM to Gigabytes. Floppy Drives made way for DVD Drives and now DVD Drives are virtually obsolete, Hard drives have also changed, from mechanical, hybrids, then Solid State and have increased in size, speed, and reliability. I will discuss individual components, operating systems, networking, and driver/software programming later. What is a computer? Well, it is several devices put together to make an electronic device that can manipulate and store data. They come in various formats, but the main are: Desktop Laptop Tablets and Smart Phones Servers Using the correct software, computers have the capability to process, store and retrieve data. Whether it be, a document, mathematical problem, spreadsheet, presentation, image, or video. They can be used to browse the Internet, send emails, video conferencing, play games, write computer language, and used to access online shops. A computer is made up of several parts: Motherboard or Mainboard – The motherboard is the device that ties the computer’s components together and allows each component to communicate with each other using software and device drivers. Without the motherboard, none of the attached devices, such as the CPU, GPU, or HDD could interact. Central Processing Unit (CPU) – A central processing unit (CPU), also known as a processor, is located on the motherboard. Memory (RAM) – RAM is short for ‘Random Access Memory’ and while it may sound enigmatic, RAM is one of the most important elements of computing. It is the super-fast and temporary data storage space that a computer needs to access right now or in the next few moments. Hard Drive (HDD) – come in numerous speeds and sizes. These days, they are rated in Gigabytes or Terabytes and increasingly are now Solid State Drives as opposed to the older mechanical drives. Power Supply Unit (PSU) – A PSU converts mains alternating current AC into a low-voltage regulated direct current power supply that power the internal components of a computer. Modern personal computers universally use switched-mode power supplies. Some power supplies have a manual switch for selecting input voltage, while others automatically adapt to the mains voltage. Modern desktop personal computer PSUs conform to the ATX specification and often come with removable leads. Video Graphics Card (GPU) – A video graphics card (also known as display card, graphics adapter, or display adapter) is an expansion card that generates a feed of output images to a display device (monitor). Frequently, these are advertised as discrete or dedicated graphics, emphasizing the distinction between these and integrated graphics. At the core of both is the graphics processing unit (GPU), which is the main part that does the actual computations. Computer Case - Most people skimp on the case because they do not see it as an important commodity. My last case, lasted five years and is now a Linux server. It was a great case but lacked 200mm fan mountings and not large enough for the new generation graphics cards and did not facilitate water cooling. My advice is when purchasing a computer case buy a well-known dedicated gaming case that is suitable for expansion and water cooling options.
- Orchids | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Orchidées Les orchidées ont une aura unique à leur sujet et proviennent de toutes les régions du monde. Les orchidées ont une grande diversité de couleurs, de formes, de tailles et de parfums, même si toutes n'ont pas de parfums agréables. Ils poussent dans les régions tropicales, tempérées et certaines dans des conditions proches de zéro. Beaucoup de gens considèrent que les orchidées sont difficiles à cultiver et à fleurir. En réalité, la plupart des orchidées sont faciles à cultiver et à fleurir, mais avec toutes les planètes, les conditions correctes sont nécessaires. Un certain nombre sont pratiquement indestructibles et avec quelques conseils de base, la plupart des gens peuvent cultiver des orchidées pour non seulement prospérer, mais aussi fleurir. Les orchidées ont une aura unique à leur sujet et proviennent de toutes les régions du monde. Les orchidées ont une grande diversité de couleurs, de formes, de tailles et de parfums, même si toutes n'ont pas de parfums agréables. Ils poussent dans les régions tropicales, tempérées et certaines dans des conditions proches de zéro. Beaucoup de gens considèrent que les orchidées sont difficiles à cultiver et à fleurir. En réalité, la plupart des orchidées sont faciles à cultiver et à fleurir, mais avec toutes les planètes, les conditions correctes sont nécessaires. Un certain nombre sont pratiquement indestructibles et avec quelques conseils de base, la plupart des gens peuvent cultiver des orchidées pour non seulement prospérer, mais aussi fleurir. Parmi les types d'orchidées les plus faciles à cultiver, on trouve: Phalaenopsis (prononcé - Fal-en-op-sis) Dendrobium (prononcé - Den-droh-bee-um) Cattleya (prononcé - Kat-lee-ya). Cymbidium (prononcé - Sim-bid-ee-um) Coelogyne (prononcé - See-loj-in-ee), Coelogyne Alba a un grand parfum. La diversité Bien que plus de 35 000 espèces d'orchidées habitent notre planète, les humains ont hybridé ces espèces pour créer plus de 200 000 hybrides. Beaucoup sont cultivés pour leurs fleurs attrayantes, mais les gousses de l'orchidée vanille fournissent l'arôme populaire. Contrairement à la plupart des plantes, les orchidées peuvent pousser dans les airs. Leurs racines s'attachent aux arbres ou aux roches où elles peuvent capter l'humidité et les nutriments. Ancienne lignée Les preuves indiquent que les orchidées sont originaires de l'époque où les dinosaures parcouraient la planète, il y a environ 120 millions d'années, et nombre d'entre elles sont associées à des types particuliers d'insectes ou d'oiseaux afin de leur permettre de polliniser leurs fleurs. Les orchidées sont une famille de plantes importante, diversifiée et unique. Les orchidées ou orchidacées sont des plantes à fleurs monocotylédones du super-ordre des Liliiflorae. Les monocotylédones sont probablement les plantes les plus importantes sur terre et proviennent de nos quatre aliments les plus importants, comme le riz, le maïs, le blé et l'orge. D'autres, comme le bambou et les palmiers, sont la principale source de matériaux de construction dans de nombreux pays, et la canne à sucre, les ananas, les dattes et les bananes proviennent de monocotylédones. La famille des orchidées contient plus d'espèces que toute autre famille de plantes - certains botanistes estiment que famille pour contenir entre 25 000 et 35 000 espèces. Les orchidées fleurissent dans une vaste gamme de couleurs et de formes et vivent dans une variété d'habitats, de: Vivez à la lumière directe du soleil, à l'ombre, dans des climats frais et froids Grimper sur des rochers, des arbres Grandir sur le terrain Une autre caractéristique des orchidées est qu'elles ont plusieurs caractéristiques distinctives, telles que: Pistils (partie femelle) Étamines (partie mâle) Les orchidées se présentent sous deux formes principales, les orchidées monopodes et sympodiales. Les orchidées monopodes ont des tiges qui poussent indéfiniment. Ce type de feuille d'orchidée pousse toujours à partir de l'extrémité d'une tige et les orchidées monopodes produisent fréquemment des racines aériennes le long de leurs tiges. Les orchidées monopodes n'ont pas de pseudobulbes, elles produisent une nouvelle croissance à partir de la couronne de la plante et les racines peuvent être particulièrement fortuites. Il n'est pas rare d'avoir des racines aériennes à intervalles réguliers le long de la tige, en particulier sur des espèces comme les Vandas. Les épis de fleurs, ou inflorescence, poussent du côté de la tige, pas de l'extrémité. Les orchidées monopodiales populaires comprennent: Vanda Phalaenopsis Les orchidées sympodiales sont classées par catégorie en ayant une succession de pousses ou de tiges en forme de bulbe, appelées pseudobulbes. Les pseudobulbes s'élèvent de la base de celui qui les précède et chaque pseudobulbe a une croissance limitée. Les racines se forment normalement à la base des pseudobulbes ou le long du rhizome. L'épi de fleur des orchidées Sympodiales s'élève à partir de la base du pseudobulbe ou même d'un rhizome. Les orchidées tropicales sont souvent Sympodiales et les orchidées Sympodiales populaires comprennent: Cattleyas Dendrobiums Oncidiums Spathoglotte Les orchidées symphoniques ont des pseudobulbes qui poussent sur un rhizome. Celles-ci peuvent sembler courtes pour que les ampoules semblent attachées les unes aux autres ou assez longues pour mettre quelques centimètres entre elles. Il est nécessaire de re-pot ces orchidées sur une base régulière en raison du modèle de croissance latérale étendue.
- Tomato Soup | Qâf ScaleModels Gozo
Tomato Soup Cooking your own tomato soup is easy and rewarding. There are many benefits from making your own tomato soup, such as, you know what ingredients have gone into it and the lack of additives, like colourants, stabilizers, and preservatives that are used in commercially produced products. This is my recipe; it makes enough for 4 large meals for two people (we freeze unused). You can vary the ingredients to vary your own needs, likes, or dislikes, so, feel free to experiment. Recipe 1000 grams of sweet tomatoes 3 x large carrots 3 x large onions 4 x sticks of celery 2 x whole garlics 6 x fresh mint leaves (or a tablespoon of dried mint) 1 Litre of vegetable stock (either you own, or I use 2 x Knorr vegetable stock pot (112g)) 2x tablespoons of Tomato Puree 20 grams Extra Virgin Olive Oil 8 grams granulated sugar 2g table salt 2g pepper